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Adolescents’ implicit theories predict desire for vengeance after remembered and hypothetical peer conflicts: Correlational and experimental evidence.


Why do some adolescents respond to interpersonal conflicts vengefully, whereas others seek more positive
solutions? Three studies investigated the role of implicit theories of personality in predicting violent or
vengeful responses to peer conflicts among adolescents in Grades 9 and 10. They showed that a greater belief
that traits are fixed (an entity theory) predicted a stronger desire for revenge after a variety of recalled peer
conflicts (Study 1) and after a hypothetical conflict that specifically involved bullying (Study 2). Study 3
experimentally induced a belief in the potential for change (an incremental theory), which resulted in a reduced
desire to seek revenge. This effect was mediated by changes in bad-person attributions about the perpetrators,
feelings of shame and hatred, and the belief that vengeful ideation is an effective emotion-regulation strategy.
Together, the findings illuminate the social– cognitive processes underlying reactions to conflict and suggest
potential avenues for reducing violent retaliation in adolescents.
Dr. Kali Trzesniewski,
Sep 13, 2011, 11:38 PM